Thomas Francis Meagher

Thomas Francis Meagher (1823-1867) was a leader of the Young Ireland Rebellion of 1848 and prominent member of the Irish Confederation, which split from the Repeal Association of Daniel O’Connell following a famous and controversial speech given by Meagher, defending armed force as a last resort, the speech today is known as “The Sword Speech” and prompted Meagher and the rest of the Young Irelanders to leave Reconciliation Hall once the speech was suppressed by O’Connell’s son John. Meagher is also credited for the first use of the Irish Tricolour, having been given it as a gift by a group of French women sympathetic to the Irish cause. Following a death sentence for his role in the 1848 rebellion later commuted to deportation to Van Diemen’s Land, Meagher became a prominent Union general in the American Civil War before dying in 1867 having drowned in the Missouri River in disputed circumstances.


Petition To The Houses of Parliament

On The Union (1846)

English Liberal Government in Ireland (1846)

Irish Youth and English Whiggery (1846)

The O’Connell-Whig Alliance (1846)

Ireland and America (1846)

The Sword Speech (1846)

The O’Connellites (1846)

Union with England (1847)

Whiggery and Famine (1847)

Irish Slaves and English Corruption (1847)

National Politics (1847)

Placehunting (1847)

The Citizen and the Mob (1847)

The Ulstermen (1847)

Mitchel’s Policy (1848)

A Reply to the Placehunters (1848)

Repeal or a Republic (1848)

Presentation of the Irish Tricolour (1848)

Famine and Felony (1848)

John Mitchel (1848)

Proclamation to the People of Waterford (1848)

Speech From The Dock (1848)

Meagher’s Final Letter in Ireland (1849)

Parting Address to the Irish Brigade (1863)