The Irish Confederation was founded on 13 January 1847 as a more radical offshoot from the Young Ireland movement. The Confederation’s split from the moderate Repeal Association emerged as a result of the “Peace Resolutions”, which condemned the assertion of national rights via physical force. Those Young Irelanders who refused to accept such resolutions, namely Thomas Francis Meagher, John Mitchel and William Smith O’Brien staged a walk-out from Conciliation Hall. The Irish Confederates would stand three candidates in that year’s Parliament election, two of which would be returned as MPs. The Confederates’ strength was estimated to have been at around 10,000 members.
Trial by Jury in Ireland (1848)