Douglas Hyde (1860-1949), known affectionately in Irish as An Craoibhín Aoibhinn (the pleasant little branch) was an academic and scholar who founded the Gaelic League with Eoin MacNeill in 1893, which sought the preservation of the Irish language, literature and culture. Although the Gaelic League would become an immensely influential organisation to a generation of Irish nationalists, Hyde himself remained strictly apolitical in his aims. From 1938 to 1945, he served as the first President of Ireland. His 1892 lecture, The Necessity For De-Anglicising Ireland is arguably one of the most important works in Irish history.
Filleadh na Féinne (1914)